Barnum & Bailey Circus, “A Child’s Dream’ (1896) poster.
Ἓκτη Ἱσταμένου, VI day
From today’s sunset, it is the sixth of Boedromion.
It is sacred to Artemis as the symbolic day of Her birthday.
On the 6th day of Boedromion:
victory of Marathon against the barbarians;
Kharisteria, procession and sacrifice to Artemis Agrotera;
sacrifice to Enyalios.
“I would remind you of the perils of our own forefathers, to show you not only that it is your right to be brave men, but that brave men are delivered, with the help of the Gods, even out of most dreadful dangers. For when the persians and their followers came with a vast array to blot Athens out of existence, the Athenians dared, unaided, to withstand them, and won the victory. And while they had vowed to Artemis that for every man they might slay of the enemy they would sacrifice a goat to the Goddess, they were unable to find goats enough; so they resolved to offer five hundred every year, and this sacrifice they are paying even to this day.”
Xen. Anab. 3.2.11-12
It is also a very auspicious day (defeat of the giants).
It is not a good day for marriages nor for the procreation of girls.
“He (Hesiod) wants the sixth day to be inappropriate to the generation of girls, no matter that it is sacred to Artemis as the Goddess’ birthday . So She was born before Apollo, in order to witness the birth of Her brother. It will not be conveniently sacred to the birth of the Goddess, the first sixth day, which is perfect…? Artemis then, that is the one who completes the fetuses and declares the natural principles which govern the matter, it is quite natural that has been generated, according to the myth, on the sixth day. It is equally natural that this day is not suitable for the generation of girls, this Goddess in fact dominates the splendor of the Moon, is a virgin and does not want to generate.”
(Bronze statuette of Artemis; from Ephesus, 2ndC BC-1stC BC. now in the British Museum…)
Minotaur in Labyrinth, Roman mosaic at Conímbriga, Portugal.
Muḥammad ibn Maḥmūd Ṭūsī, ʿAjāyib al-makhlūqāt va-gharāyib al-mawjūdāt, Turkey 16th century.
Baltimore, Walters, Ms. W.593, fol. 178a
Artist/maker unknown, Japanese
Made in Japan, Edo Period (1615-1868)
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Hasegawa Sadanobu (1809-1879, active 1834-79) 長谷川貞信
A Reclining Beauty Reading a Book